What is Kidneys?



Kidneys are paired, bean -shaped organ. The kidneys are situated on the posterior abdominal wall,partially protected by the 11th and 12th ribs.

In adult, it is about 12centimeters long, 6centimeters wide,and 3centimeters thick.

Kidneys make up of 1% of body mass, but receive about 25% of cardiac output (Blood)

MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEYS CAN BE GROUP INTO THREE

1. REGULATION: 

kidneys help to regulate body fluid volume. Kidneys help in regulating acid -base balance

Kidneys help in regulating the electrolytes

2. EXCRETION

KIDNEYS help in excreting toxic wastes from the body

It helps in excreting foreign substances from the body .

3. SECRETION

kidneys help in secreting ERYTHROPOIETIN ,the hormone that works on bone marrow to produce red blood cells, thereby increasing the blood volume.

Secretion of Renin, which helps in controlling of blood pressure

Secretion of vitamin D activator.



SIMPLE TESTS TO CHECK ON THE KIDNEYS

1. BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING: 

It is a known fact that hypertension is one of the most leading causes of chronic kidney disease .It is however, recommended to everyone to know his/her blood pressure readings especially if there's a known case of hypertension in a family. Early detection of high blood pressure (hypertension) with prompted intervention and lifestyle modification could save lives. Hypertension can cause chronic kidney disease, and vice -versa

2. SIMPLE URINE TESTING:

Using a combined test strips, you can check the urine for protein ,glucose, blood specific gravity etc. Persistent protein in the urine means Chronic Kidney Disease is present.

Some other tests to exclusively check on kidneys are:

Electrolyte urea &creatinine
Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate.
Thank you.

source: Omotayo kidney care foundation

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