What Is High Blood Pressure? (Hypertension, Silent Killer)



High blood pressure or hypertension, occurs when the blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels.

The blood pressure measurement takes into account how quickly blood is passing through the veins and the amount of resistance the blood meets while it's pumping. Over the long term, increased pressure can cause health issues, including heart disease. 

Early detection is important. Regular blood pressure readings can help client and caregiver notice any changes. If the blood pressure is elevated, caregiver may check the blood pressure over a few weeks to see if the number stays elevated or falls back to normal levels.

SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE. 

One of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that clients don't know they have it. In fact, nearly one- third of people who have high blood pressure don't know it. The only way to know if blood pressure is high is through regular check ups. This is especially important if there's a close relative who has high blood pressure.

If blood pressure is extremely high, there may be certain symptoms to look out for; including :


  • SEVERE HEADACHE 
  • FATIQUE OR CONFUSION
  • VISIONS PROBLEMS
  • CHEST PAINS
  • DIFFICULTY BREATHING 
  • IRREGULAR HEARTBEAT 
  • BLOOD IN URINE 
  • POUNDING IN THE CHEST, NECK OR EARS.


HOW TO UNDERSTAND HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE READINGS:

Two numbers create a blood pressure reading.

SYSTOLIC PRESSURE :This is the first number and always the top number.

DIASTOLIC PRESSURE :This is the second number, and always at the bottom.

Normally, it differs from one person to another but 120/80 is considered normal for adult
Pré hypertension 120 - 139 /80 -89 mmHg.
Stage1~ 140-149/90-99
Stage 2~ >160/>100
Stage3 ~ >180/>110....(Crisis)

Recommendations to lower Blood pressure and decrease cardiovascular disease risk include ,the following, with greater results achieved when 2,or more lifestyle modifications are combined.

1 : Weight loss
2: limit or stop intake of alcohol
3 : Reduce sodium intake (additional salt)
4: Maintain adequate intake of fruits and vegetarian
5 : Rest and sleep
6 :Maintain adequate intake of dietary calcium and magnesium for general health . it can also be obtained from soy milk.
7 : Stop smoking

8 : reduce intake of dietary saturated fat and cholesterol for overall cardiovascular health
9: Engage in exercise at least 30minutes daily.


Since we all know that Hypertension is one of the major causes of kidney failure, and we know it as a silent killer, I will suggest everyone of us have our blood pressure checked this week. Meanwhile, some of us that can afford to buy the" electronic blood pressure monitoring machine" should please buy one. In fact, there are some electronic machine that will interpret your value according to world health organization (WHO). Although we are still going to talk more on Hypertension.

Source: Omotayo Kidney Care foundation

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